N0. 677.9!8. Patented My 9, 190i. J. F. ANSENHEIMER. PACKAGE FOR HOLDING LIQUIDS.
(Application filed Sept. 18, 1899.)
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JACOB F. ANSENIIEIMER, OF CINCINNATI, OHIO.
PACKAGE FOR HOLDING LIQUIDS.
SEECIFZCATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 677,918, dated July 9, 1901. Application filed September 18, 1899. Serial No. 731,689. (No model.)
To ctZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, J AOOB F. ANSENI-IEIMER, a citizen of the United States, residing at the city of Cincinnati, in the county of Hamilton and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Packages for Holding Liquids, of which the following is a specification.
The object of my invention is to make a cheap, simple, and efficient cask or barrelthat is, a tight package for holding liquids, such as beer -barrels, casks, wine-barrels, whisky-barrels, oil-barrels, and similar packagesthe parts composing the barrel to be made of pulp or analogous substances. It has been the desire for some time to produce such a package made of pulp; but so far no practical article has been produced. The desire to produce such a package has grown out of the fact that the wood out of which such packages are made is becoming scarce and each year the demand for a substitute is growing, the price of the wooden package increasing rapidly, and a package made of pulp will soon be a matter of necessity. Most in ventors have aimed at producing a package made of one piece and only in some manner looking in the head. Even if such a barrel could be produced it would be too costly.
In producing my new package I have worked on the principle of building a tight package as now in vogue.
In the accompanying drawings, forming I part of this specification, Figure l is a side view of my improved package; Fig. 2, a top view thereof; and Fig. 3, a side view of one of the staves composing the barrel, the head of the barrel being shown in section.
I produce my package from a few staves or parts-not a multitude of staves, as ordinary packages are now made. These staves or partsA 13 Care of a peculiar shape. (Shown in Fig. 3.) A represents the bung-stave, and B and O the other two staves which go to make up the barrel. These staves are of different lengths and widths, according to the package to be made, some smaller and some larger. In the present instance I show abarrel which is sixty inches in circumference at the end, and in a case like this I would make the bung-staveAteninches (10) in width and the staves B and 0 each twenty- -may use less or more.
live inches (25) in width, other-sized packages in like proportions.
The staves on the outside or periphery of the barrel describe a part of a circle, as in the case in the ordinary barrel. On the inside I produce a change. I have the usual croze D, in which the head E fits. On each side of this croze I form the stave concave, as shown in letter F, extending toward the center or middle of the stave,where, however, the concavity ceases and the stave is convex or made thicker, as shown by letter G, so that strength will be produced at the bilge, where strength is needed. This degree of convexity may be more or less marked. The concave on each side of the center may be very slight or not used at all, the convex or strengthened center part being the most important. Staves as ordinarily made are howeled between the croze and the chine. I also shape the stave this way, as shown at letter II. The ends are usually beveled at K. These staves can be made of any other desired form. These staves are made of pulp and are pressed into shape, so that they retain form and are hard, solid, compact, and even. The heads E are also compressed into shape, as are the staves, and can be made of any desired shape.
M represents hoops of the ordinary kind which are used to hold the staves together and the head in the croze.
The barrel is made as follows, to wit: The staves A, B, and O are set up, the heads E being placed in the croze E at each end, flagging being preferably placed between the joints between the staves and between the head and the staves, (in the croze,) so that when the hoops M are placed in shape and pulled down in place, thejoint will be tight. I usually place three hoops on each end, but These sections are, as stated above, first compressed into shape, and when the barrel is set up and the sec- .tions are made to impinge against each other to form a tight joint by reason of the use of my pulp sections any intermediate locking device or part or any peculiar shape of the sections is not necessary, asthe hoopsin being pulled down into place force the sections tightly together at the edges to form altight, uniform, and serviceable joint.
The staves can easily be set up and the heads put in place, as before they are used they are about of the proper shape, and the hoops pulled on by hooping machine, no skilled labor being required in the manufacture.
The bung-staveAis made lessin width than the other staves, so that if it becomes Worn by the bung-bushing and bung it can be replaced and the balance of the barrel saved.
The staves and heads being all made by the same dies great numbers can be made and they will all be alike, so that the barrel can be shipped in a knockdown state and put in shape at its destination.
The barrel being thicker at the center will stand wear and tear better than the wood package. All the expense incident to making staves now-such as assorting, shaping, crozing, howeling, setting up the barrel, heating, trussing, &c.is all dispensed with and pact package is the result.
What I claim as new and of my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In a package for holding liquids,thc combination of several compressed-pulp sections to form the periphery of the barrel, each of said sections being single and of one piece, the thickness of the sections being the thickness of the package, in combination with compressed-pulp heads, and in combination with hoops to force said sections together so that their edges abut and impinge against each 7 a each inner side of the croze and toward the center being thickened, in combination with compressed heads, all held together by hoops,
a as and for the purposes set forth.
a cheap, simple, efficient, durable, and com- JACO I F. ANSEN HEIMER.
OSCAR C. Do'nsoN, WALTER R. STREHLI.